Many Older Women Don't Need Vitamin D Supplements
Older women may not benefit from vitamin D supplements, according to a new study from the University of Wisconsin.
Researchers randomly divided 230 women into one of three groups: a low dose group taking 800 units of vitamin D a day, a high-dose group taking 50,000 units twice a month, and a control group taking a placebo. All the women had similar vitamin D levels at the beginning of the study.
Their findings, which are published in JAMA, revealed that after the one-year study, the average vitamin D levels were 42 mg in the high-dose group, 27 mg in the low-dose group, and 18 mg in the placebo group. Additionally, calcium absorption increased about 1 percent in the high dose group, decreased 2 percent in the low-dose group and decreased 1.3 percent in the placebo group.
But there were no differences amongst the groups in bone density and osteoporosis risk and no differences in the number of falls or ability to exercise.
The study addresses the mixed messages surrounding vitamin D, where some experts suggest not taking it at all and others recommend very high dosages. Instead, the Wisconsin researchers said their findings support a more middle-of-the-road approach–600 to 800 units a day.
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Sourced from: New York Times, Many Older Women Don’t Need Vitamin D Supplements
Music Reduces Pain, Anxiety After Surgery
People who listen to music before, during and after surgery may experience less pain and anxiety, according to new research published in _The Lancet. _
Researchers at Brunel University in the UK analyzed 72 randomized trials involving 7,000 patients who underwent surgery. The trials evaluated the effects of music played before, during or after surgery on patients’ recoveries.
They also looked at how music affected postoperative pain, anxiety of patients, their need for pain medication and the length of their hospital stay.
Their findings suggested that compared with patients who did not listen to music, those who did experienced significantly less pain and needed less pain medication. Listening to music also increased patients’ overall satisfaction following surgery. These findings were true for all patients whether the music was played before, during or after surgery, although results were better when the patient was conscious.
Patients who chose their own music experienced a slightly greater reduction in pain.
The findings highlight the importance of incorporating music into therapeutic treatment for hospital patients. Further research will investigate the pros and cons of music for mothers undergoing Cesarean section.
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Sourced from: Medical News Today , Music may help patients recover from surgery