Mediterranean diet without breakfast may be better for diabetics
Patients with diabetes may benefit from eating a Mediterranean diet—but without breakfast—according to a dietary study at Linköping University in Sweden.
Researchers recruited 21 patients with type 2 diabetes, on whom they tested the effects of three different diets—low-fat, low-carbohydrate and Mediterranean—on blood sugar levels. They found that the low-carbohydrate diet, when compared with the low-fat diet, led to relatively lower blood sugar levels but higher levels of triglycerides.
While the low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets corresponded with breakfast and lunch, the Mediterranean diet only accounted for one large lunch that was intermediate between the other two diets regarding carbohydrate and fat intake. When patients were fed this Mediterranean meal, they did not experience higher blood sugar levels than when fed the low-fat or low-carbohydrate meals.
The findings suggest that it may be more beneficial for patients with diabetes to have one large meal than several smaller meals, researchers said—particularly if it consists of Mediterranean foods, including those low in saturated fat and high in healthy oils and lots of fruit and vegetables.