Mortality rates from heart failure are higher in women than in men, and the rate of hospitalization related to heart failure has risen among women but declined among men, according to a study conducted at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute in Ontario, Canada.
The Canadian study involved 90,000 people diagnosed with heart failure in Ontario from 2009 to 2014. According to the researchers, 47 percent of the patients were women, and they were more likely to be older, frailer, and have multiple chronic illnesses. Within a year of diagnosis, 16.8 percent of the women with heart failure died compared to 14.9 percent of men. Beginning in 2013, hospitalization rates for women with heart failure surpassed rates for men – 98 per 1,000 compared to 91 per 1,000.
According to the American Heart Association, heart failure is a condition in which the heart doesn’t pump as well as it should, resulting in fatigue, shortness of breath, and other symptoms. In the United States, more than 6 million people are living with heart failure and more than 900,000 new cases are diagnosed each year.
Sourced from: CMAJ