Olive Oil, Omega 9, and Your Heart

by Lisa Nelson, RD, LN Health Professional

Over the past few months, I've posted several times on omega 3 and omega 6 fatty acids and why finding the right balance between the two is important for your heart health.

I haven't shared any information related to omega 9's, mainly to avoid confusion.
I read a recent article discussing olive oil's link to reduced brachial artery blood flow and decided it was time to discuss omega 9's.

Let's start with the molecular difference between omega 9, omega 6, and omega 3.
Here's a recap on what "omega" means from the post Get a Grip on Fatty Acids.

The term "omega" indicates which carbon has the first double bond on the carbon chain when you start counting from the omega end (remember "alpha" equals beginning and "omega" equals end).
For omega 3, the first double bond is on the third carbon from the omega end of the carbon chain.
For omega 6, the first double bond is on the sixth carbon from the omega end, while omega 9 has the first double bond on the ninth carbon.
Okay, now that everything is clear as mud, let's move onJ

Types of fat

Omega 3's, 6's, and 9's are all heart healthy unsaturated fatty acids.
But as we dive into the nitty gritty, some are more heart healthy than others.

Omega 3's are at the top when it comes to heart health.
The more omega 3's (such as fish/fish oil rich in EPA/DHA and flaxseed rich in ALA) the better for heart health.
Here's a previous post you may want to review - Top 5 Omega 3 Sources to Lower Cholesterol.

Omega 6's are found in vegetable oils, such as corn oil, which is very plentiful in the American diet.
Omega 6 isn't inherently bad for heart health, what's bad is our excess intake of omega 6.
The ratio between omega 6 and omega 3 is far from the ideal of 1:1 to 4:1.

Omega 9's are found in olive oil.
Olive oil is 85% monounsaturated fat and contains minimal omega 3 or omega 6 fatty acids.
Omega 9 fatty acids are not essential fatty acids like omega 3 and omega 6, because the body can produce omega 9 fatty acids from unsaturated fat.

To complicate matters a little further, just because you hear a particular oil is a good source of omega 3, does not mean it includes no omega 6 and vice versa.
To explain this better, here is a table of the omega 6 and omega 3 content in 1 teaspoon of different oils.

**Oil

Omega 6

Omega 3**

Fish oil

80 mg

850 mg

Flaxseed oil

610 mg

2510 mg

Safflower

640 mg

0 mg

Canola oil

920 mg

420 mg

Corn

2630 mg

80 mg

Even beef provides some omega 3's.
A 3 ounce serving of sirloin steak provides 200 mg omega 6 and 70 mg omega 3.

(Source - I obtained the numbers above from ESHA Food Processor Software.)

Olive oil is 85% oleic acid and has little effect the omega 6 to omega 3 ratio.
I like olive oil for this reason, but it can be argued that selecting oil that contributes omega 3's to your diet is more beneficial, even though you also gain omega 6's.

Dr. Dean Ornish claims that olive oil reduces blood flow by 31%.
What he is referring to is reduced brachial artery (the main artery in the upper arm) blood flow, not coronary artery blood flow.
For this reason, it's possible that the monounsaturated fat of olive oil is not the best choice to protect against arterial fat deposits when compared to other fats that offer more omega 3's.

However, I'm not changing my recommendations yet.
I still encourage you to switch from standard vegetable oil or shortening to a more heart healthy cooking oil, such as olive or canola oil.
This alone isn't going to give you dramatic heart health improvements.
You need fish in your diet at least twice a week, select a supplement that will provide you at least 1000 mg of omega 3 fatty acids daily (choose a good source of DHA and EPA), use ground flaxseed when appropriate in your meal preparation, and select heart healthy nuts (such as walnuts) once in a while for a snack.

Lisa Nelson, RD, LN
Meet Our Writer
Lisa Nelson, RD, LN

Lisa Nelson RD, a registered dietitian since 1999, provides step-by-step guidance to lower cholesterol and lower blood pressure, so you can live life and enjoy your family for years to come. Lisa's passion for health comes from her own family history of heart disease, so she doesn't dispense trendy treatments; Lisa practices what she teaches in her own daily life. Because her own health is the foundation of her expertise, you can trust that Lisa will make it truly possible for you to see dramatic changes in your health, without unrealistic fads or impossibly difficult techniques.