Pulse Rate and High Blood Pressure: Defining the Connection

by Alvin Hopkinson Patient Expert

During any type of medical visit, there are four main vital signs that are routinely monitored by the medical professionals. These vital signs assist the healthcare providers with detecting and monitoring potential medical problems. One of the vital signs monitored by the physician is the pulse rate. The pulse rate and high blood pressure are significant in that the rate of the pulse is firm and strong if your blood pressure is not elevated.

Because high blood pressure causes tension and complicates cardiovascular normal activity, it may cause stress with your pulse activity. Meaning, the arteries experience resistance against the flow of the blood. The pulse rate calculates the number of times the heart beats per minute. The rate measurements indicate the heart rate, heart rhythm and the strength of your pulse. Therefore, high blood pressure slows down normal blood flow causing the arteries to demonstrate difficulty with expanding.

Your blood pressure responds differently to different types of activity. During any type of exercise or physical activity, the blood pressure reacts according to the intensity of the movement. Specifically, the pulse rate (heart rate) may fluctuate during static or dynamic exercises.

It is recommended by medical experts that you monitor cardiovascular activity and oxygen consumption by measuring your pulse rate before, during and after the physical activity. Certain exercises may increase the pulse; which indicates that your blood pressure has elevated. Other exercises that require less strain on the body effectively lowers the blood pressure measurements.

Static or isometric exercise is classified as physical activity that supports the contraction of any particular muscle group. An example of static exercise is weight lifting. The dynamic or aerobic exercise causes for more repeated movement by large muscle groups. Dynamic exercises include jogging, brisk walking, swimming or jump roping.

The isometric activity involves less resistance and results in a moderate increase in cardiac output. More so, there is less blood flow pressure; which does not particular increase the pulse rate. On the other hand, the aerobic exercises increase the body's need for oxygen. The rapid and constant movement of the large group of muscles challenges the heart to meet the intensity.

The heart rate must increase its level of functioning to accommodate the intensity of the activity. Therefore, the systolic pressure rises progressively, yet the diastolic measurement stays the same or perhaps decreases slightly. The progressive increase in the systolic pressure causes the pulse rate to increase; allowing the blood flow to the muscles to also increase.

The pulse rate and high blood pressure generally determines your level of activity. Any physical activity in which you participate is guaranteed to affect blood flow, heart rate and oxygen levels. Checking the pulse rate before, during and after you exercise will help you control your blood pressure.

Recent studies indicate that moderate-intensity exercise such as walking actually lowers blood pressure, which inevitably returns the pulse rate to its normal capacity. High-intensity exercise demands more from the body, yet it will detect changes in cardiovascular activity in order to adjust.

Alvin Hopkinson
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Alvin Hopkinson

Alvin wrote for HealthCentral as a patient expert for High Blood Pressure.