Rheumatoid Arthritis and College: Academic Accommodations on Campus
On many college campuses throughout the country, classes have already begun or are about to begin. Many students are extremely excited to greet the new year, but some might be a bit nervous or concerned that physical limitations may get in the way. When you live with rheumatoid arthritis, you may need to request appropriate and reasonable accommodations.
Whether just diagnosed with RA or having lived with the disease for years, it is during the college years that you will learn to become your own advocate. Previously parents may have fulfilled this role (one which never really ends), but it is ultimately your responsibility to know where and how to request the services you need. And if you are a parent reading this, it is good to know what your current or future college student's options are.
Disabilities Services Office on Campus Every college or university has a disabilities services office which is your starting point. If you have already been living with disability when you are admitted to college, register with the disability services office prior to the beginning of the first academic semester (only if you need to request accommodations). For first-year students, registering during the school's orientation program helps to ensure that accommodations will be in place on the first day of the semester. Keep in mind, however, that you still must be able to meet a program's admission, academic, and technical standards (i.e., all essential nonacademic admissions criteria) either with or without accommodation.
If RA progresses or flares during college, your needs may change. Often mobility, dexterity, and fatigue may create challenging situations. You may have trouble writing and need extra time to complete tests or assistance with note-taking during class. You may have difficulty typing and need access to a school computer equipped with voice recognition software. You may have difficulty traveling from one class to another and need more time to do so. You may be physically limited in the mornings, or fatigued at certain times of the day, and need to avoid classes at those times. You may need a close parking space for easier campus access.
The U.S. Department of Education shares that "academic adjustments may include auxiliary aids and modifications to academic requirements as are necessary to ensure equal educational opportunity." Examples of academic accommodations/adjustments which may be arranged include priority registration; reducing a course load; substituting one course for another; providing note takers, recording devices, extended time for testing; and equipping school computers with screen-reading, voice recognition or other adaptive software or hardware.
You must self-advocate. You must self-monitor your disability and changing needs. Colleges and universities are restricted from seeking out students with disabilities due to privacy laws. You are responsible for contacting the disabilities services office to request the services you believe you need; the college or university generally does not provide accommodations unless or until you ask. Your college will probably require current medical documentation (which you will need to provide) which includes a diagnosis of your current disability, detail on how your disability affects a major life activity and/or how your disability may affect academic performance. Additional information may be required. Be ready to follow established procedures to request an academic adjustment.
When I think of how RA may have affected my ability to function in college, I remember classes which were only offered very early in the morning, or the cafeteria which was located on the opposite end of campus from the music department, or the heaviness and large volume of material I carried around in my backpack. Each of these things would have presented a challenge.
Even without physical challenges, I had many logistical challenges. One involving lunch. At breakfast time in the cafeteria, I would request a bag lunch be prepared which I ate daily so that I didn't need to hike across campus for lunch. For the heavy books, I would purchase a wheeled backpack or rolling laptop case. This would certainly limit stress on the spine and shoulders. I also had a refrigerator in my dorm room, something which would certainly have helped to keep medication safe for use.
Keep in mind that your college is NOT required to lower or substantially modify essential requirements. They do not need "to make modifications which would fundamentally alter the nature of a service, program or activity or would result in undue financial or administrative burdens."
Be Your Own Best Advocate The Minnesota State Colleges and Universities shares excellent recommendations on self-advocacy and student responsibilities which begin with knowing yourself and your disability. "You need to know how to talk about your disability in a way that other people will understand." This truly is important. They also suggest that you develop a plan and practice communicating your needs. Perhaps practice explaining the accommodations you believe you will need with a friend before you approach your professors.
The ability to advocate will benefit you in your life and career. Do not be afraid to speak up and voice your needs and concerns. There is nothing shameful or embarrassing about stepping forward and making your physical and academic needs a priority. And certainly have a great school year!