Shift workers face higher diabetes risk
People whose jobs require them to work in shifts may have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study.
Scientists at Huazhong University of Science and Technology analyzed data from more than 220,000 adults. They found that the people who were most at risk of diabetes were men who rotated working day and night shifts. Their risk increased by about 42 percent. Shift workers in general were found to be about 9 percent more likely to have type 2 diabetes.
The researchers said that one reason for the findings could be that shift work disrupts the body clock and eating patterns, which may affect waistlines, hormones and sleep--all factors which could increase diabetes risk. The findings are particularly timely, they said, given the increasing prevalence of jobs that require shift work.
The study's results, published in the journal Occupational and Environmental Medicine, suggest that shift workers should pay more attention to the prevention of diabetes, such as maintaining a healthy weight through regular exercise and by eating a healthy balanced diet.