Skin stem cells may restore MS brain
Multiple sclerosis is a scary condition: the causes are largely unknown, there is no cure and there is a strong possibility that the disease could result in the loss of some body functions, including the ability to walk. But doctors Doctors from the University of Rochester Medical Center may have discovered a new way to restore functionality to a diseased MS brain.
The researchers used human skin cells and converted them to stem cells in an attempt to repair destroyed myelin (insulation around the nerves in the brain). Stem cells developed in this manner are capable of becoming any other type of cell in the body, including myelin.
Though the study was performed in mice, these discoveries provide hope for MS patients. If doctors can find a way to restore myelin, MS patients could see significant improvement in their conditions.
Sourced from: BBC News, Skin ‘may restore’ diseased MS brain
Obesity can lead to lower vitamin D levels
Another strike against obesity: it limits your body’s ability to use vitamin D successfully. Researchers from the University College London Institute of Child Health found that vitamin D is stored in fatty tissue, and when there is a high prevalence of fatty tissue, the body has difficulty distributing the vitamin around the body.
The research linking obesity and vitamin D compiled the genetic data from 21 studies, gathered from a total of 42,000 people. From this data, the researchers found that for every 10 percent rise in BMI, there was a 4 percent drop in vitamin D capacity.
Vitamin D is most commonly absorbed through sun exposure or through supplementation. Low levels of vitamin D have been linked to softening and weakening of the bones, rickets in children, multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis and a variety of other conditions. It helps the body absorb calcium, promotes cell growth and immune function and reduces inflammation.
Sourced from: BBC News, Study finds obesity can ‘lead to lack of vitamin D’
Restaurants profit off low-calorie meals
With more than one-third of Americans now considered obese, chain restaurants have joined the healthy eating bandwagon. And in doing so, they’re apparently increasing their profits.
Research by the Hudson Institute has found that businesses are in better shape financially if they offer more low-calorie meals. The study looked at 21 national chains, including Chili’s, Burger King and McDonald’s, and found that restaurants that offered more low-calorie options saw better growth over the past several years. The study also found that low-calorie options were the driving factors in the growth of 17 chains between 2006 and 2011.
Restaurants that provided low-calorie options saw a 5.5 percent growth in sales and a 10.9 percent growth in customer traffic, as opposed to a 5.5 percent decline in sales and 14.7 percent decline in customers among those who did not offer low-calorie options.
Sourced from: Medical News Today, Restaurants Make More Money Serving Low-Calorie Meals