Slow eating may reduce hunger, but not calorie intake
How slowly you eat may affect hunger levels more than it does the number of calories you consume, according to a new study.
Scientists from Texas Christian University conducted a study involving 70 individuals—half were overweight and obese and half were of healthy weight. All participants were asked to eat the same meals over two days. On the first day, the participants were asked to reduce their eating speed by taking small bites, chewing thoroughly and setting their utensils down between bites. On the second day, the participants were asked to increase their eating speed by taking large bites, chewing quickly and not setting their utensils down until they were finished with their meal.
When the researchers examined the relationship between eating speed and caloric intake, they found that the participants in both groups consumed fewer calories during the slow-paced meal than they did during the fast-paced meal. The healthy weight group, however, consumed fewer calories than did the overweight group. Both groups also reported feeling less hungry an hour after the slow-paced meal.
The study’s findings, published in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, show that reducing eating speed may be an effective strategy for suppressing hunger.