Stage Two High Blood Pressure: A Hypertension Emergency
In most cases, it is extremely difficult to detect hypertension because it reveals little to no symptoms. Therefore, people are generally unaware that they have been comprised by the disease. When you have reached Stage Two high blood pressure, it is severe and requires immediate medical attention. It is very important that you get into the habit of having your blood pressure checked regularly to avoid further complications.
Severe high blood pressure primarily occurs in the late stages of hypertension and is presumably life-threatening. Even at this stage, patients may not experience any symptoms. Stage Two high blood pressure is classified as having systolic pressure greater than 180 and/or diastolic pressure above 120. Blood pressure levels that have reached these measurements cause great alarm.
Subsequently, serious complications can occur such as blood vessel rupture, swelling of the brain and kidney failure. If you were to experience any symptoms at this stage, you may encounter dizzy spells, blurry vision (visual disturbance), headache or nausea. A medical professional would then consider this to be a hypertensive emergency or urgency.
Often diagnosed in older individuals, 50 years of age and up, hypertensive urgency reflects pathologic decreases in the normal functions of the arteries. Again, this simply suggests that the individuals are at the highest risk for cardiovascular malfunctioning. In order to avoid such urgency, it is important that the patient is consistent with taking medications. However, in case of severe hypertension, there are immediate treatment regimens that are employed.
While treating Stage Two high blood pressure, it is not safe to lower the blood pressure too quickly. Rapid reduction of extreme blood pressure levels may disrupt the natural flow of blood to the brain. Of course, this may cause brain damage or even death. It is necessary to seek immediate medical attention at this point. The patient is usually placed in a dark and quiet environment for monitoring. The medical health provider will administer one or more oral medications that will slowly decrease the blood pressure. The ultimate objective is to reduce the pressure to alleviate the risk of additional complications.
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Alvin wrote for HealthCentral as a patient expert for High Blood Pressure.