Study Identifies Five Different Types of Prostate Cancer
Cancer treatment is increasingly moving from one size fits all approach to a much more tailored experience.
The treatment of prostate cancer appears to have taken a big step in that direction with the discovery by a team of scientists in the UK that there are actually five different types of the disease.
It is one of the most common types of cancer in men, but the effectiveness of treatment has been inconsistent, with patients having a wide range of reactions. So researchers from the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute and Addenbrooke’s Hospital sought to see if various forms of prostate cancer had their own genetic signature. A total of 259 men were examined, with samples of healthy and cancerous prostate tissue taken for analysis. Scientists looked for abnormal chromosomes and measured the activity of 100 different genes linked to the development of prostate cancer.
Ultimately, five distinct types were found, each with their own genetic signature, and this method was more effective at predicting the most aggressive cancers compared to existing systems.
Next steps involve delving into each cancer type to see how they behave and respond to different treatments.