The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) has issued a final recommendation on vitamin D supplementation, with or without calcium, to prevent fractures caused by falls in seniors.
The new recommendations apply to community-dwelling, asymptomatic adults – those who do not live in nursing homes or other institutional care settings and who do not have a history of fractures caused by osteoporosis (thinning bones), an increased risk of falling, or a diagnosis of osteoporosis or vitamin D deficiency.
For men and premenopausal women, the USPSTF statement concludes there is currently not enough evidence to assess the benefits and risks of vitamin D and calcium supplementation, alone or in combination, for the primary prevention of fractures. In postmenopausal women, the task force recommends against daily vitamin D supplements (400 IU or less) and daily calcium supplements (1,000 mg or less) for the primary prevention of fractures, also citing lack of evidence of benefits or risks.
This new statement updates USPSTF vitamin D and calcium guidelines issued in 2013.