Test Could Predict Teenagers’ Future Heart Disease, Diabetes Risk
Researchers from Virginia Children’s Hospital have developed a test they say can help predict the future risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes for teenagers.
The new test assesses a person’s metabolic syndrome status, which comprises lifestyle factors that increase risk of heart disease and diabetes in the future. The test differs from previous metabolic tests in that it accounts for a person’s sex and race/ethnicity.
To develop the test, researchers examined body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure, fasting triglyceride levels, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels and fasting glucose levels of children who were evaluated between 1973-76 at the Cincinnati Clinic of the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute Lipids Research Clinic.
These children, with an average age of 12.9 years, were then re-evaluated and evaluated for the development of both type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease at an average age of 38.4 years through the 1998-2003 Princeton Follow-up Study and once more at an average age of 49.6 years via the 2010-14 Princeton Health Update study.
The results, published in Diabetologia and the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, showed that the metabolic syndrome severity score was highly accurate in predicting the adolescents’ risk for developing heart disease and type-2 diabetes later in life.