If you've recently been diagnosed with osteoporosis, you may know that one of the secondary causes for bone loss is certain medical disorders. Below is the most common five that are seen in an osteoporosis diagnosis.
- Premature Menopause
Estrogen is the main inhibitor of bone resorption. When estrogen is no longer manufactured by a women's body, bone loss can occur. Premature menopause can be a result of a ovarian disorders that cause the ovaries to stop producing estrogen. There are also some women who need to have their ovaries removed, and this will activate the loss of estrogen, that can lead to bone loss.
When an enlarged parathyroid gland produces too much parathyroid hormone, this is called primary hyperparathyroidism. Generally, calcium levels rise in the blood which is one clue that you have this disorder. Hyperparathyroidism is caused by a benign tumor, in one or more of the parathyroid glands, which cause the production of too much parathyroid hormone. This increase in parathyroid hormone causes calcium levels to rise in the blood stream. You may absorb too much calcium from foods and the bones will lose calcium as well, which causes bone loss.
Hyperthyroid is a result of the thyroid gland producing too much thyroid hormone. When you produce too much thyroid hormone you also have an increase in the excretion of calcium and phosphorous into your urine or stools. This increased excretion of minerals causes bone mineral density loss.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
One of the common medications for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is glucocorticoids. Glucocorticoids are the number one medication cause for bone loss. People with rheumatoid arthritis have pain and loss of joint function, causing varying levels of inactivity. Inactivity also causes bone loss. Because rheumatoid arthritis can interfere with weight bearing exercise, due to pain and immobility, those with this type of arthritis are more susceptible to osteoporosis.
Celiac is an intestinal disorder that causes and intolerance to gluten. When gluten is eaten, it attacks the intestinal lining damaging it, making it difficult to absorb certain nutrients, like calcium. If you eliminate gluten from your diet the intestinal wall will heal allowing you to absorb calcium and other nutrients. Undiagnosed or untreated celiac can cause bone loss due to the loss of calcium and other necessary nutrients needed to have healthy bones.
If you are trying to find out the cause for your bone loss and you don't have the common hereditary causes, have your doctor look at all the medical disorders and medications that can cause osteoporosis.
What People With Celiac Disease Need to Know About Osteoporosis, National Institute of Health, January 2012, Accessed April 22, 2014. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Osteoporosis/Conditions_Behaviors/celiac.asp
Thyroid Center, MedicineNet.com, Accessed 22 April 2014 http://www.medicinenet.com/thyroid/focus.htm
Parathyroid Center, MedicineNet.com, Accessed 22 April 2014 http://www.medicinenet.com/hyperparathyroidism/article.htm
Disease and Conditions that may Cause Bone Loss, National Osteoporosis Foundation Web Site, Accessed 22 April 2014 http://nof.org/articles/5