Tylenol may dull emotions
Acetaminophen, known by its brand name Tylenol, is used by a millions of people to ease pain. But according to a study published in Psychological Science, it may also blunt a person’s emotional responses.
Researchers at Ohio State Univesity recruited 85 people to either take 1,000 milligrams of Tylenol or a placebo. After one hour, participants were shown 40 images in random order that ranged from extremely pleasant (e.g. children laughing in a park with kittens) to neutral (e.g. a rolling pin on a table) to extremely unpleasant (e.g. an overflowing toilet). They were then asked to assess their emotions on a scale from 0 (little to no emotion) to 10 (extreme amount of emotion).
Researchers found that those who took Tylenol were around 20 percent less likely to rate images as extremely pleasant and 10 percent less likely to rate them extremely unpleasant. One possible explanation is that Tylenol reduces pain by acting on the insula, a part of the brain that also influences social emotions.
More trials need to be done to provide clearer guidelines for using the painkillers, but the scientists did note that people should continue to follow the advice of their doctors when it comes to managing pain.
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Sourced from: New York Times , Tylenol May Blunt Emotions, and Not Just Pain
Published On: Apr 22nd 2015
People hospitalized on weekends more likely to get infections
Even when taking into account patient characteristics–including the severity of the condition that brought a person to the hospital–weekend hospitalizations resulted in more than a 20 percent increased likelihood of hospital-acquired conditions, such as falls and infections, when compared to weekday admissions. That’s the conclusion of a large study done at the University of Southern California.
The researchers analyzed data from hospitalizations from 2002 to 2010 and found that 5 percent of the stays resulted in at least one avoidable hospital-acquired condition. They ranged from falls, which were the most common, to pressure sores and catheter associated urinary tract infections.Even though most admissions–more than 80 percent–occur during the week, preventable complications were more common on weekends. Conditions that occurred in the hospitals occurred in 5.7 percent of weekend admissions, compared to 3.7 percent of people admitted on weekdays.
These conditions were estimated to result in an 83 percent greater likelihood of higher healthcare costs and a 38 percent higher likelihood of a prolonged hospital stay.
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Sourced from: Reuters, Patients hospitalized on weekends risk more falls and infections
Published On: Apr 22nd 2015