U.S. STD cases at epidemic level
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) gave the country a not-so-special valentine this year when it reported that sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates in the U.S. have reached epidemic levels and show no sign of slowing.
An analysis from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey found there are 110 million STD cases in the U.S., with about 20 million new infections added each year. Some of the most common STDs are human papillomavirus(HPV), chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, herpes and HIV. Some of these diseases can be treated with antibiotics, but they are often difficult to detect because they don’t have obvious symptoms. right away. Other diseases, such as HPV and herpes have no cure.
HPV, which accounts for a major portion of infections, generally goes away on its own (90 percent of cases), but has the potential to lead to cervical cancer, a life-threatening disease. All STD increase a person’s risk for HIV and some can lead to health complications such as ectopic pregnancies and infertility.
The CDC recommends STD testing for all sexually active people.