Unemployment cause of "45,000 suicides a year"

New research published in the Lancet Psychiatry suggests that unemployment was to blame for about 45,000 suicides a year around the world between 2000 and 2011. The study was conducted by researchers at the University of Zurich Psychiatric Hospital in Switzerland.

To conduct their study, the team assessed data from the World Health Organization’s (WHO) mortality database and the International Monetary Fund's World Economic Outlook database. They used longitudinal modeling to calculate the effect unemployment had on suicide in 63 countries over four world regions.

The results showed that for  all regions included in the analysis, the rate of suicide associated with unemployment increased by 20 to 30 percent during that time period. Furthermore, the researchers found that unemployment was associated with 41,148 suicides in 2007 and 46,131 in 2009, which suggests that the recession in 2008 may have been responsible for 4,983 additional suicides.

Overall, about 233,000 suicides occurred around the world every year between 2000 and 2011.

The researchers also found that suicide rates tended to increase six months before a rise in unemployment rates and that rising unemployment rates affected men and women equally.

Based on their findings, the researchers said suicide interventions need to focus on the negative health effects of unemployment both in times of economic stability and economic crisis.

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Sourced from: Medical News Today, Unemployment 'a cause of 45,000 suicides each year'