What Makes Blood Pressure Suddenly Increase?

Question

Asked by sam

What Makes Blood Pressure Suddenly Increase?

During a recent visit to the doctor my blood pressure was suddenly very high, so high that I had to go to the emergency and be monitored for several hours. I was put on metaprolol, but my blood pressure still spikes throughout the day. What would make my blood pressure go up like that? At what point is it so high that I should go to the ER again?

Answer

The American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) defines five blood pressure categories:

Normal Range - Normal
Systolic (top) blood pressure below 120 mm Hg
Diastolic (bottom) blood pressure below 80 mm Hg
Perfect!

Caution Range - Elevated
Systolic (top) blood pressure 120 - 129 mm Hg
Diastolic (bottom) blood pressure below 80 mm Hg
Take action!

High Range - Stage 1 Hypertension
Systolic (top) blood pressure 130 - 139 mm Hg
Diastolic (bottom) blood pressure 80 - 89 mm Hg
If in this range you have hypertension (high blood pressure).

Very High Range - Stage 2 Hypertension
Systolic (top) blood pressure 140 mm Hg or higher
Diastolic (bottom) blood pressure 90 mm Hg or higher
If in this range you have hypertension (high blood pressure).

Extremely High Range – Hypertensive Crisis
Systolic (top) blood pressure 180 mm Hg or high
Diastolic (bottom) blood pressure 120 mm Hg or higher
Consult your doctor immediately!

Eating a diet that includes potassium rich foods will help promote a lower blood pressure. I also recommend you learn about the DASH diet. It's a very effective way to lower and manage high blood pressure.

From the information you shared I think "white coat hypertension" may be playing a role. That doesn't mean you don't need the medication, but it's something to be aware of.

You should know: The answer above provides general health information that is not intended to replace medical advice or treatment recommendations from a qualified healthcare professional.