What Is Preosteoperosis Or Borderline Bone Density Results Called And How Is It Treated?

Question

Asked by Mary Brandt

What Is Preosteoperosis Or Borderline Bone Density Results Called And How Is It Treated?

Answer

Hi Mary: Pre-osteoporosis is also called osteopenia. Below are the World Health Org's definition on t-scores to help explain the different categories.

Normal bone density: any score better than -1.0

Osteopenia: any score between -1.0 and -2.5

Osteoporosis: any score below -2.5

There are many different types of treatments that include: Bisphosphonates (Actonel, Fosamax, Boniva, and Reclast). Hormone replacement therapy, SERMS (Evista), Calcitonin, and Fosteum. Boniva (every 3 months) and Reclast (once yearly) are available in infusions, while the other medications can be taken orally. The oral meds come in daily, weekly, twice monthly and once monthly doses.

Forteo is also used to treat osteoporosis, but generally when you have a very low score, and it's a daily injection given for 2 years.

Here are some links on the various treatments that may help to explain how they work. Bisphosphonates by Dr. Gonter.

Of course weight bearing exercise (from PJ Hamel), calcium and vitamin D are necessary to maintain good bone health.

Hope this helps, and good luck! If you have any more questions don't hesitate to ask.