Diet before surgery may affect recovery
During a surgical procedure, fat tissue is almost always traumatized and that disrupts the balance of fat tissue in the body. Now a study from Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston has found that cutting back on fats before surgery can reduce the amount of trauma and help a person recover more quickly.
The scientists involved in the study wanted to see how fat responded to surgery, ultimately discovering that reducing tissue trauma – including fat tissue – is a key element in accelerating patient recovery. Though avoiding trauma to organ tissue – such as the heart, blood vessels, liver, etc. – is obviously part of normal surgical practice, damaging fat tissue has rarely been thought of as being as important. However, this research indicates otherwise.
In mouse testing, mice that were fed a high-fat diet before surgery showed increased inflammation and decreased specialized fat hormone synthesis during surgical procedures. In animals that had been switched to a low-fat diet just three weeks before surgery, however, fat tissue showed less inflammation.
The scientists speculate that cutting out certain dietary elements before surgery may be a feasible, inexpensive and effective way to reduce trauma within the body and to speed recovery times.