Where someone drowns determines if they'll survive
Location may be the most important factor when it comes to determining a person’s chance of survival when drowning, according to two new studies.
Public places—such as recreation centers, open bodies of water and parks—are where most people drown the most, researchers said.
In a study published in the International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, researchers examined drowning data between 2004 and 2008. They found that rural residents are more likely to die from drowning than urban residents, which is likely due to rural residents’ increased access to open water and limited access to swimming lessons, researchers said.
In another study, published in Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, researchers examined a database of cardiac cases attended by Greater Toronto Area paramedic services. Researchers found that drowning victims had a five percent chance of survival, partially caused by limited aid resources.
Findings suggest that more needs to be done in order to improve survival rates when it comes to drowning. In order to decrease risk of drowning, lead author and University of Toronto graduate student Jason Buick suggests that people swim with others in public places where there are lifeguards and many bystanders.