Senior women who eat more vegetables – especially cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and Brussels sprouts – have healthier carotid arteries, according to a recent observational study conducted in Australia and published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
For this study, 954 Australian women aged 70 and older completed food frequency questionnaires noting vegetable intake from “never eating vegetables” to eating them “three or more times per day.” The researchers performed sonograms to measure carotid artery wall thickness in the study participants and examined the carotid tree to determine carotid plaque severity.
The researchers observed a 0.05-millimeter lower carotid artery wall thickness between high and low intakes of total vegetables – a decrease associated with a 10 to 18 percent decrease in heart attack and stroke risk. Also, each increase of 10 grams per day of cruciferous vegetables was associated with 0.8 percent lower average carotid artery wall thickness.
Sourced from: JAHA