Women, but not men, who consistently work more than 45 hours per week have a 63 percent higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes than those who work 35 to 40 hours a week, according to a study published in BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care.
This 12-year study involved data on 7,065 people ages 35 to 74 in Ontario, Canada, from the 2003 Canadian Community Health Survey. Study participants had no prior diabetes diagnoses.
The increased diabetes risk the researchers found was only slightly lower when they adjusted for other contributory factors, like smoking, lack of exercise, alcohol intake, and body mass index (BMI). Why women, but not men, who work long hours have a higher risk for diabetes is not fully understood, but the researchers offer a couple of possibilities – both related to stress:
- Women who work long hours tend to have lower-paying jobs than men.
- Women spend more of their time off doing “unpaid” work, like household chores.
Sourced from: BMJ