Yogurt may lower risk of diabetes
You may be able to lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes if you eat a lot of yogurt.
That's the conclusion of a new study from the Harvard School of Public Health, which was funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and published in the journal _BMC Medicine. _
Researchers questioned 194,519 health professionals from three previous study samples on their health history and lifestyle habits. None of the participants had diabetes, cardiovascular disease or cancer at the beginning of the study. The questionnaires were taken every two years and people who did note their dairy consumption were removed from the study.
Overall, 15,156 people developed type 2 diabetes during the follow-up period. No association was found between total diary consumption and type 2 diabetes. However, once the researchers broke down results by the types of dairy products, they noticed an association between yogurt consumption and lower levels of type 2 diabetes. The researchers then conducted a meta-analysis based on this and determined that eating 28g of yogurt every day could lead to an 18 percent decline in developing type 2 diabetes.
Researchers believe the probiotics in yogurt are the key element. However, the fact this study focused only on health professionals from European descent means it may not reflect the entire population. Also, the study is only observational, meaning that that the researchers were not able to prove a direct cause and effect.