Latest by Christine Kennard

How Does Vascular Dementia Differ from Alzheimer's?

Vascular dementia (VaD) is the second most common type of dementia after Alzheimer’s and is responsible for up to 25% of all dementias. VaD, previously known as multi infarct dementia, like Alzheimer’s, is caused by brain damage. The crucial differen...

How Does Lewy Body Dementia Differ from Alzheimer's?

Lewy body dementia (DLB) is increasingly being seen as one of the most common forms of dementia. Like vascular dementia, it is believed to be the second most common type after Alzheimer’s. In this type of dementia the cause of the brain damage is dif...

Terry Pratchett has Posterior Cortical Atrophy (Benson's Syndrome) a Rare Type of Alzheimer's

Before the best selling author Terry Pratchett announced he had been diagnosed with a rare form of Alheimer’s, few people would ever have heard of Posterior Cortical Atrophy (PCA). First described by Frank Benson in 1988, and sometimes referred to as ...

Dehydration and Malnutrition in Alzheimer's Disease

Occasionally you read about people with dementia who have died from malnutrition or dehydration, even when being cared for in a nursing home, hospital, or by caregivers. You cannot believe that such a situation has occurred, that it must be an obviou...

Urinary Tract Infections and Alzheimer's Disease

For people with Alzheimer’s disease, urinary tract infections (UTIs) can present particular difficulties. Later stage Alzheimer’s disease is associated with increased difficulties in communication. Therefore, someone with a UTI, might be experiencing ...

Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender People with Alzheimer's Disease

There are many gay, lesbian, bisexual and transsexual people (LGBT) who have Alzheimer’s disease , but it is often difficult to access even the smallest piece of information on the needs of this community. Books or other sources that are very informa...

Aggression in Alzheimer's Disease

One of the most difficult, distressing and frightening situations for home caregivers or staff in care facilities, is aggression from someone who has Alzheimer’s disease. As a nurse, both in psychiatry and general nursing, I was only hit a few times, ...

Brain Shrinkage in Old Age and in Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a degenerative disease of the brain. Because of this the appearance of the brain changes dramatically as the disease progresses. Alzheimer’s disease (AD) most frequently occurs in older people. But even the ‘normal’ brain under...

Pain Assessment in Late-Stage Alzheimer's Disease

As Alzheimer’s disease progresses towards the later stages, the ability of the affected person to communicate becomes increasingly compromised. Caregivers can no longer ask “are you comfortable?” or, “are you in pain?” and get a reliable answer. A ca...

On Death and Dying; Causes of Death in Alzheimer's Disease

The CDC (Centers for Disease Control) reported this year that in 2006 Alzheimer’s disease moved up one place to become the 6th leading cause of death in the USA. 72,914 Americans died of the disease. While life expectancy for Americans increased to a...