DiabetesDiabetes Types

Let's Talk About Types of Diabetes

These conditions involving high blood sugar may all look the same, but each kind of diabetes has its own causes and treatments. Discover the key differences among the most common types of the disease.

    Our Pro PanelDiabetes Types

    We went to some of the nation's top experts in diabetes to bring you the most up-to-date information possible.

    Katherine Araque, M.D.

    Katherine Araque, M.D.Director of Endocrinology

    Pacific Neuroscience Institute at Providence Saint John’s Health Center
    Santa Monica, CA
    Stelios Mantis, M.D.

    Stelios Mantis, M.D.Pediatric Endocrinologist

    Rush University Medical Center
    Chicago, IL
    Peter Goulden, M.D.

    Peter Goulden, M.D.Medical Director of the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism

    Mount Sinai St. Luke's
    New York, NY

    Frequently Asked QuestionsDiabetes Types

    What are the different types of diabetes?

    Type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes are the three main types. Type 1 is an autoimmune disorder that stops a person’s pancreas from making insulin. In type 2 and gestational diabetes (which only happens during pregnancy), a person’s pancreas makes insulin, but their body doesn’t use it very well.

    What causes type 2 diabetes?

    Type 2 diabetes is usually caused by a combination of factors, including family history, genetic predisposition, ethnicity, body fat, and lifestyle. We know that eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly are two of the best ways you can lower your risk for this disease.

    What is juvenile diabetes?

    Juvenile diabetes is another term for type 1 diabetes, so-named because type 1 is most often diagnosed in children and adolescents. Similarly, type 2 diabetes, which is usually diagnosed in adults, is sometimes referred to as “adult-onset diabetes.”

    Does diabetes occur more often in women or men?

    It depends on the type. Obviously, gestational diabetes occurs only in women! In type 1, unlike many other autoimmune conditions that occur in women more frequently, both genders are equally likely to get it. And type 2 diabetes actually occurs more frequently in men.

    Sunny Sea Gold

    Sunny Sea Gold


    Sunny is a health journalist, book author, and essayist living in Portland, OR.