Pancreatic cancer, currently the fourth leading cause of death from cancer in the United States, is the growth of malignant cells in the pancreas, a pear-shaped organ located just below and behind the stomach.
The mitral valve controls the flow of blood into the left ventricle. Normally, when the left ventricle contracts the mitral valve closes and the blood flows out through the aortic valve.
Homocysteine is an amino acid found in blood. There is now considerable evidence that homocysteine may prove to be a useful marker for risk of heart attacks, since elevated levels have been detected in people with coronary artery disease.
Graves' disease is an autoimmune disease characterized by a metabolic imbalance resulting from overproduction of thyroid hormones (thyrotoxicosis).
A degeneration or ‘wear and tear’ of articular (joint surface) cartilage usually accompanied by an overgrowth of bone (osteophytes), narrowing of the joint space, sclerosis or hardening of bone at the joint surface, and deformity in joints.
An abscess is a cavity containing pus and surrounded by inflamed tissue, formed as a result of a localized infection. They contain dead cells, bacteria, and other debris, which causes inflammation and pain.