Type 2 Diabetes

Let's Talk About Type 2 Diabetes

You’ve got questions! We’ve got answers! We went straight to the experts to get the latest info on one of the most common diseases in the U.S. Here’s what you should know.

    Our Pro PanelType 2 Diabetes

    We went to some of the nation’s top experts in diabetes to bring you the most up-to-date information possible.

    Peter Goulden, M.D.

    Peter Goulden, M.D.Medical Director of the Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism

    Mount Sinai St. Luke's
    New York, NY
    Katherine Araque, M.D.

    Katherine Araque, M.D.Director of Endocrinology

    Pacific Neuroscience Institute at Providence Saint John’s Health Center
    Santa Monica, CA
    Laura Cason, R.D. headshot.

    Laura Cason, R.D.Certified Diabetes Educator and Spokesperson

    Illinois Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
    Chicago, IL

    Frequently Asked QuestionsType 2 Diabetes

    Is type 2 diabetes genetic?

    Like many chronic illnesses, your genes can make you more susceptible to developing type 2 diabetes. But just because you have a strong family history of the illness doesn’t automatically mean you’re destined to get it. A healthful diet and plenty of exercise are associated with a lower risk of the disease.

    What are the symptoms of type 2 diabetes?

    Classic symptoms of type 2 diabetes include increased thirst and having to pee a lot. You might also feel fatigued, even though you haven’t been doing anything that strenuous. More advanced stages of the disease can also cause numbness and tingling in your extremities, blurry vision, and sores on the feet.

    What’s the best diet for type 2 diabetes?

    Everyone’s body reacts differently to foods and diet plans, so there’s no magic bullet. But vegetarian and vegan diets, a traditional Mediterranean diet rich in vegetables and seafood, and low-carbohydrate diets have all been shown to lower blood sugar and reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

    How much exercise do I need to reduce type 2 symptoms?

    There’s no exact prescription, but regular exercise is definitely good (whether or not you have the disease!). Current recommendations for all adults call for 150 minutes of moderate exercise a week. That’s about 30 minutes a day, five days a week.

    Sunny Sea Gold

    Sunny Sea Gold


    Sunny is a health journalist, book author, and essayist living in Portland, OR.