Do You Know How Hepatitis C is Spread?
Allison Tsai | Jul 13th 2015 May 3rd 2017
- 0 Blood transfusions
- 0 Sex
- 1 Intravenous drug use
- 0 Organ donation
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What is the primary way hepatitis C (HCV) is transmitted?
[Sharing needles](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) for intravenous drug use is the primary way hepatitis C is spread. Blood transfusions and organ donation used to be the leading cause of transmission before 1992, when widespread screening of the U.S. blood supply began.
Which of the following ways does not spread hepatitis C?
[Breastfeeding](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) carries zero risk of transmitting hepatitis C to your child, unless your nipples are cracked and bleeding. Sex, sharing personal care items and being born to a mother with hepatitis C all carry some risk of transmission.
What is the risk of a mother transmitting hepatitis C to her baby?
About [4 out of every 100](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) infants born to mothers with HCV will become infected with the virus. The risk increases if the mother has both HCV and HIV.
Receiving a tattoo or piercing carries a risk of infection if….
Several major studies have shown [that hepatitis C](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) is not spread through licensed, commercial tattooing facilities. But, when poor infection-control practices are used during tattooing, there is a risk for transmission.
What is the risk of transmission from kissing, coughing and sneezing?
None of these things [spread hepatitis C](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm). HCV is only spread through contact with infected blood.
If you have hepatitis C, you should not donate…
If you've ever tested positive for hepatitis C or B, experts recommend [never donating](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) blood, organs or semen, because it could be spread to the recipient.