Do You Know How Hepatitis C is Spread?

Allison Tsai | July 13, 2015 April 17, 2014

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What is the primary way hepatitis C (HCV) is transmitted?
  1. 0 Blood transfusions
  2. 0 Sex
  3. 1 Intravenous drug use
  4. 0 Organ donation
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[Sharing needles](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) for intravenous drug use is the primary way hepatitis C is spread. Blood transfusions and organ donation used to be the leading cause of transmission before 1992, when widespread screening of the U.S. blood supply began.

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  1. 1

    What is the primary way hepatitis C (HCV) is transmitted?

    Correct Answer: Intravenous drug use

    [Sharing needles](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) for intravenous drug use is the primary way hepatitis C is spread. Blood transfusions and organ donation used to be the leading cause of transmission before 1992, when widespread screening of the U.S. blood supply began.

  2. 2

    Which of the following ways does not spread hepatitis C?

    Correct Answer: Breastfeeding

    [Breastfeeding](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) carries zero risk of transmitting hepatitis C to your child, unless your nipples are cracked and bleeding. Sex, sharing personal care items and being born to a mother with hepatitis C all carry some risk of transmission.

  3. 3

    What is the risk of a mother transmitting hepatitis C to her baby?

    Correct Answer: 4 out of every 100 infants

    About [4 out of every 100](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) infants born to mothers with HCV will become infected with the virus. The risk increases if the mother has both HCV and HIV.

  4. 4

    Receiving a tattoo or piercing carries a risk of infection if….

    Correct Answer: Non-sterile instruments are used

    Several major studies have shown [that hepatitis C](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) is not spread through licensed, commercial tattooing facilities. But, when poor infection-control practices are used during tattooing, there is a risk for transmission.

  5. 5

    What is the risk of transmission from kissing, coughing and sneezing?

    Correct Answer: 0 percent

    None of these things [spread hepatitis C](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm). HCV is only spread through contact with infected blood.

  6. 6

    If you have hepatitis C, you should not donate…

    Correct Answer: All of the above

    If you've ever tested positive for hepatitis C or B, experts recommend [never donating](http://www.cdc.gov/hepatitis/c/cfaq.htm) blood, organs or semen, because it could be spread to the recipient.