Pop Quiz: Emergency Contraception 101
Allison Bush | April 17, 2012
- 1 True
- 0 False
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True or false: Emergency contraception works by inhibiting or delaying ovulation.
Emergency contraception works by stopping an egg from leaving the ovary, stopping the sperm from meeting with the egg, or stopping a fertilized egg from attaching to the uterus.
True or false: Emergency contraception is the same thing as the abortion pill.
Emergency contraception does not cause an abortion. Emergency contraception delays ovulation, may prevent fertilization, and may prevent an egg from becoming attached to the wall of a woman’s uterus. They contain larger doses of the same hormones as regular birth control pills that many women take every day.
True or false: Women need a prescription to get emergency contraceptive pills like Plan B One-Step if they are under the age of 17.
Progestin-only emergency contraceptive pills (like Plan B One-Step and Next Choice) are available over the counter or online to anyone of any age. Other types of emergency contraception require a prescription.
True or false: Emergency contraception can protect women from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Although emergency contraception is effective at preventing pregnancy if taken in a timely manner, it cannot prevent individuals from contracting or spreading STDs, including HIV/AIDS. You should use condoms for every act of vaginal, oral, or anal sex to be protected from STDs.
True or false: After taking emergency contraception, short-term side effects women may experience include infertility and dehydration.
Because emergency contraception delivers hormones to a woman’s body, some women may experience nausea, diarrhea, and fatigue after taking it. These side effects are similar to the discomforts that can accompany a woman’s menstrual cycle and are temporary and usually mild. Infertility and dehydration are not known side effects.