10 Common Acid Reflux Terms Definedby Tracy Davenport, Ph.D. Health Writer
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition in which the lower esophageal sphincter allows gastric acids to reflux into the esophagus, causing heartburn, acid indigestion, and possible injury to the esophageal lining.
Medicine that neutralizes stomach acid.
This test is often used when someone reports symptoms of acid reflux and involves inserting a long, flexible, lighted tube down the throat to detect damage or any abnormalities.
A pharmacologic agent that can improve esophageal and gastric emptying.
The muscular tube for the passage of food from the pharynx to the stomach.
Failure to thrive
A significant interruption in the expected rate of growth compared with other children of similar age and sex during early childhood.
Refusing to eat certain foods as a potential side effect of reflux.
These medications block histamine at the receptor side of the parietal cell.
To break down and digest lactose, we need an enzyme called lactase. Lactose intolerance occurs when a person does not produce this enzyme (or enough of it). Lactose is a type of sugar found in dairy products like milk and ice cream.
PPI: Proton Pump Inhibitor
A group of medicines that work by blocking the proton pump’s ability to make stomach acid.