10 Terms to Help Understand IBD
Jennifer Rackley | Oct 24, 2013
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
A group of conditions that cause chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. The two most common being Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis.
When chronic inflammation occurs anywhere in the digestive tract and may spread deep into the tissues.
Ulcerative colitis (UC)
When chronic inflammation occurs mainly in the large intestine and rectum. Colitis generally affects the innermost lining of these tissues.
In IBD, stenosis refers to the scarring of the bowel wall as a result of the chronic inflammation.
Occurs when the inflammation of IBD spreads through the bowel wall and causes abnormal connections or passageways.
Blood in the stool that cannot be seen.
The inability to move the bowels in spite of needing to do so. This can happen when IBD affects the colon and rectum.
Occurs when part of the bowel narrows or thickens and blocks the movement of digestive contents through the intestines.
Open sores that can occur anywhere in the digestive tract.
Potential complication of IBD that happens when a crack in the anal tissue or tissue around the anus forms. Infection is known to occur as a result.