Acid Reflux Medications

by Sara Suchy Editor


When a person comes to a doctor with acid reflux symptoms, often the first medication type suggested is an antacid. Antacids that contain aluminum and magnesium lower the acid levels in the stomach. Antacids with simethicone break up gas bubbles in the stomach. Antacids only work on acid that is already in the stomach and does not prevent acid production.

H2 blockers

H2 Blockers, such as Pepcid AC, impede acid production by blocking or antagonizing the actions of histamine. Typically, H2blockers inhibit acid secretion for six to 24 hours and are used by people who suffer from persistent reflux. They are available over the counter.

Proton pump inhibitors

Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs) will suppress the production of stomach acid and work by inhibiting the molecule in the stomach glands that is responsible for acid secretion. Some PPIs are available over the counter while other are only available with a prescription.


It sounds simple, but plain, old H2O is among the best treatments for acid reflux out there. People who experience occasional or persistent acid reflux along with taking whatever medications their doctor prescribes should make sure they are always hydrated.

Sara Suchy
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Sara Suchy

Sara is a former editor for HealthCentral.