In general, to lower your heart disease risk, experts recommend changes to your diet, including:
- Lowering your overall caloric intake
- Monitoring and reducing your carbohydrate intake, especially simple and processed carbohydrates such as sugar, desserts, sugary drinks, low-fiber bread, low-fiber cereal, and wheat pasta
- Switching to a more fruit- and vegetable-rich diet
Some specific diets that have proven to be effective in helping to reduce heart disease risk include the Mediterranean diet and the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) diet.