Metastatic Melanoma Follow-Up Care Is Important

by Eileen Bailey Health Writer

Once you've completed treatment for metastatic melanoma, it's important for you to plan your follow-up care. Your doctor will work with you to determine what type of care you should continue to have and how often you will need to see your doctors. Follow-up care should be tailored to each person; however, there are some guidelines you can follow. Talk to your doctor about what your survivorship care plan should include.

dermatologist examining patient's arms

Risk of Melanoma Recurrence

People who have had melanoma before, even when it's been cured, have a high risk of getting it again. Unfortunately, you're not in the clear after a few years. You may see a recurrence up to 10 years after your initial treatment. Follow-up care, therefore, is very important in identifying and treating any recurrences before they spread to other areas of your body.

Closeup of dermatologist examining mole on hand of female patient

Regular Skin Checks

Everyone with metastatic melanoma should have regular skin and lymph node exams. People with melanoma spreading beyond the skin should get an exam every three to six months for the first two years after treatment, then every three to 12 months for the third, then annually thereafter, according to a global review of melanoma guidelines in The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology.

radiologist looking at chest x-ray

Routine Imaging

In addition to skin exams, guidelines suggest imaging scans, including chest x-ray, computed tomography (CT), and/or positron emission tomography (PET) every three to 12 months, according to the same review in The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology. Ask your doctor if these might be worthwhile in your case. A brain MRI on an annual basis may also be helpful. An oncologist may discuss any symptoms you may be experiencing and the role of these imaging studies in your follow-up care.

woman examining face in mirror


While regular visits to your dermatologist or oncologist should become part of your routine, self-examination is just as important, the Skin Cancer Foundation recommends you complete a head-to-toe check once a month to note any new or changing spots or lesions.

Senior woman having a mammography scan

Screening for Other Cancers

Survivors of melanoma have a higher risk of developing other types of cancer, according to The American Cancer Society. These include another skin cancer, breast cancer, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and cancers of the prostate, kidney, thyroid, small intestine, salivary gland, or soft tissue. Talk to your doctor about how often you should be screened for other types of cancer. Some doctors don't recommend it unless you have symptoms.

Microscope photo of a human large intestine section with colitis

Long-term Side Effects

Some treatments, including the immunotherapy medication ipilimumab (Yervoy), can cause side effects even after you have completed treatment. These can include problems with skin, hormonal glands, colitis, and hepatitis. If you've received immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma, be sure to discuss possible late or long-term side effects with your doctor, and how your follow-up care will address them.

Prevention Through Diet

Although there is some debate on whether diet can reduce your risk of cancer, one study found that a some foods may have an anticancer effect toward melanoma. These include grape seed extract; green tea; herbs such as rosemary, oregano, basil, and marjoram; tomatoes and other red fruits; and figs.

Adopt a Healthy Lifestyle

While the jury is still out on whether a healthy lifestyle can help prevent further cancers, it's known that eating right, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and not smoking are important to health and vital to improving your overall well-being. Whether you're a melanoma survivor or not, cleaning up your diet and stubbing out the butts are never a bad thing!

Young woman applying sunscreen on her face in snowy mountains in winter

Continue With Sun Protection

Because people with melanoma are more likely to develop another skin cancer, including additional melanomas, it's crucial to be super diligent about UV protection. You'll want to limit your exposure to UV rays, use sunscreen year round and wear protective clothing, including wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses (make 'em your signature look!).

Eileen Bailey
Meet Our Writer
Eileen Bailey

Eileen Bailey is an award-winning author of six books on health and parenting topics and freelance writer specializing in health topics including ADHD, Anxiety, Sexual Health, Skin Care, Psoriasis and Skin Cancer. Her wish is to provide readers with relevant and practical information on health conditions to help them make informed decisions regarding their health care.