Vividly colored, nonstarchy, leafy vegetables, and fruits may reduce risk. That’s because foods rich in vitamin C, folate, carotenoids, and phytochemicals may help inhibit cancer. Following the Mediterranean diet and eating high fiber foods appears to reduce risk of cancer. Diets high in salted, smoked, and preserved foods, however, may increase risk. Smoking tobacco products increases risk for men and women. Fortunately, people can change their dietary and smoking behaviors, thus reducing risk.