10 Things You Should Know About Menopause

by Amy Hendel, P.A. Health Writer

It's been called the a time of renewal or the start of the next half of your life. However you think of menopause, there are plenty of questions women have about this milestone. It is important to know that menopause is not a disease but rather a phase in the life cycle. Here are 10 things you should know.

Close up of hand holding a pack of oral contraceptives

You no longer need birth control

You no longer need birth control once menopause is complete, but how do you know when that is? You most certainly need to use birth control until you have missed your menstrual cycle for 12 consecutive months. It is not unusual for women to miss several menstrual cycles only to have a period and then have to start counting missed cycles again. You can get pregnant during these "start and stop" moments, so only give up birth control after the 12th-consecutive missed cycle, or as instructed by your doctor.

Mature Woman Experiencing Hot Flush From Menopause

Not all women get hot flashes

Not all women get hot flashes as they move into their menopausal stage. Most women will experience some hot flashes (and sweats), particularly at night. Experiencing hot flashes can continue up until five years post menopause.

Woman checking her body in front of mirror

Weight gain around your mid-section is typical

Weight gain around your mid-section is typical and is often due to the fact that you may need to adjust your daily total calories downward in response to a slightly slower metabolic rate (and loss of muscle mass).

Doctor conducts medical consultation with adult patient at clinic

You may experience vulvar and vaginal atrophy

Vaginal atrophy is when the skin and tissues in and around your vagina become drier, thinner, and less elastic. You may experience vulvar and vaginal atrophy during menopause, which can result in dryness and painful intercourse. Talk to your gynecologist about treatment options.

Doctor in a consultation

Hormone therapy a treatment option only for severe hot flashes

Hormone therapy (HT) is currently considered a medical treatment option only for severe, unrelenting hot flashes, due to the increased risk of breast cancer associated with HT. The safest options, such as lifestyle changes, should be explored first. Prescribed medical therapy then may be considered as needed.

Mature woman restless at night time

Sleep difficulties, anxiety among common complaints

Sleep difficulties, anxiety, depression, forgetfulness, and irritability are common complaints of women who have experienced menopause.

Tofu and soybeans

There are alternatives to HT

If you prefer to try therapies other than HT for hot flashes, they can include vitamin B complex, vitamin E, or certain drugs, including paroxetine, clonidine, or gabapentin. Some women also respond to black cohosh, adding soy foods to their diet, using evening primrose oil, or combining some of these treatments.

Bone tissue

Osteoporosis risk increases after menopause

Beginning at age 65, DEXA screening for bone density is recommended. If you are younger than 65, you may get this screening if you are postmenopausal and have other risk factors such as weighing less than 126 pounds, you smoke, or you have medical conditions and risks for bone loss for fracture. Alternatively, a tool called the FRAX assessment can be used in women younger than 65 years to determine which women should have a DEXA scan.

Woman holding heart

Heart disease risk increases after menopause

Heart disease risk increases after menopause due to the decrease of estrogen levels.

Woman holding her throat

Your voice may change

A small subset of women can experience a voice change after menopause, though most do not. Facial hair may also increase.

Amy Hendel, P.A.
Meet Our Writer
Amy Hendel, P.A.

Known as "The HealthGal", Amy Hendel P.A. is a medical and lifestyle reporter, nutrition and fitness expert, health coach and brand ambassador. Trained as a physician assistant, she maintains a health coach private practice in New York and Los Angeles. Author of The Four Habits of Healthy Families, find her on Twitter @Healthgal1103 and on Facebook @TheHealthGal. Check “Daily Health News” at healthgal.com. Her personal mantra? “Fix it first with food, fitness, and lifestyle.”