Kidney DiseaseRisk Factors

9 Toxins That Can Hurt Your Kidneys (+ How to Avoid Them!)

Using anti mosquito spray outdoors

man's hand cutting salmon

The Toxin: Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs)

hand pouring soda into glass

The Toxin: Phosphorus

Spraying insect repellent on skin

The Toxin: Pesticides

field of lettuce
pina messina

The Toxin: Cadmium

plastic water bottle on table
Steve Johnson

The Toxin: Phthalates

Organic ginger

The Toxin: Aristolochic Acid

man pumping gas
Gabriel Côté

The Toxin: Lead

pile of dead fish
Jakub Kapusnak

The Toxin: Mercury

woman drinking water
Daria Shevtsova

The Toxin: Copper

Sarah Fielding

Sarah Fielding


Sarah is a freelance writer based in New York City and the cofounder of Empire Coven, a digital space for highlighting trailblazing women across New York City. Her work covers a range of topics, with a special focus on mental health, sex, and relationships content, and has appeared at Bustle, Insider, Healthline, Men’s Health, mindbodygreen, Fashionista, Greatist, HuffPost, Architectural Digest, and more. Sarah has also spent time living in Italy and Australia, writing as she traveled.